Education Policy on Operational Assistance Management at the Local Level: A Challenge and Recommendations

  • Andi Agus Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia
  • Lukman Hakim Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia
  • Abdul Mahsyar Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia
  • Fatmawati Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia
Keywords: Education Policy, Government Response, Regional Development, Education Gap, Policy Implementation.


This research discusses the Implementation Operational Assistance Program (BOP) at the local level as a fund management mechanism to support educational activities in schools, provide equitable access to education, encourage educational inclusion, and reduce disparities between regions. This study uses a qualitative approach with a focus on thematic analysis. This approach was chosen to guide researchers to find sources of analysis directly from the government by identifying several official government documents. This study's findings indicate several challenges in managing BOP locally, such as a need for more resources, infrastructure and technical capabilities. Several policy recommendations are suggested to overcome these challenges, namely by increasing monitoring and evaluation, transparency, management capacity, use of technology, and collaboration. With the implementation of the right policies, BOP management at the local level can be improved so that education can become a more inclusive, quality and sustainable means for all parties.


Adam, N. A., & Alarifi, G. (2021). Innovation practices for survival of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the COVID-19 times: the role of external support. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, 10(1), 1–22.

Akinosho, T. D., Oyedele, L. O., Bilal, M., Ajayi, A. O., Delgado, M. D., Akinade, O. O., & Ahmed, A. A. (2020). Deep learning in the construction industry: A review of present status and future innovations. Journal of Building Engineering, 32, 101827.

Akther, T., & Xu, F. (2020). Existence of the audit expectation gap and its impact on stakeholders’ confidence: The moderating role of the financial reporting council. International Journal of Financial Studies, 8(1).

Alisaari, J., Heikkola, L. M., Commins, N., & Acquah, E. O. (2019). Monolingual ideologies confronting multilingual realities. Finnish teachers’ beliefs about linguistic diversity. Teaching and Teacher Education, 80, 48–58.

Antonowicz, D., Kwiek, M., & Westerheijden, D. F. (2017). The Government Response to the Private Sector Expansion in Poland. Palgrave Studies in Global Higher Education, 119–138.

Bromham, L., Dinnage, R., & Hua, X. (2016). Interdisciplinary research has consistently lower funding success. Nature, 534(7609), 684–687.

Brooks, R., Gupta, A., Jayadeva, S., & Abrahams, J. (2021). Students’ views about the purpose of higher education: a comparative analysis of six European countries. Higher Education Research and Development, 40(7), 1375–1388.

Csizmadia, T., Enders, J., & Westerheijden, D. F. (2008). Quality management in Hungarian higher education: Organisational responses to governmental policy. Higher Education, 56(4), 439–455.

Darmawan, D. (2019). Accountability and Transparency : Application of Good Educational Governance. International Journal Management Science and Business, 1(1), 1–14.

Datta, S. K., & Singh, K. (2019). Variation and determinants of financial inclusion and their association with human development: A cross-country analysis. IIMB Management Review, 31(4), 336–349.

Dumas, M. J. (2016). Against the Dark: Antiblackness in Education Policy and Discourse. Theory into Practice, 55(1), 11–19.

Dunn, R. J. H., Alexander, L. V., Donat, M. G., Zhang, X., Bador, M., Herold, N., Lippmann, T., Allan, R., Aguilar, E., Barry, A. A., Brunet, M., Caesar, J., Chagnaud, G., Cheng, V., Cinco, T., Durre, I., de Guzman, R., Htay, T. M., Wan Ibadullah, W. M., … Bin Hj Yussof, M. N. A. (2020). Development of an Updated Global Land in Situ-Based Data Set of Temperature and Precipitation Extremes: HadEX3. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125(16), 1–28.

Farooq, M. S., Riaz, S., Tehseen, R., Farooq, U., & Saleem, K. (2023). Role of Internet of things in diabetes healthcare: Network infrastructure, taxonomy, challenges, and security model. Digital Health, 9, 1–19.

Fomba, B. K., Talla, D. N. D. F., & Ningaye, P. (2023). Institutional Quality and Education Quality in Developing Countries: Effects and Transmission Channels. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 14, 86–115.

Garcés, P., & O’Dowd, R. (2021). Upscaling Virtual Exchange in University Education: Moving From Innovative Classroom Practice to Regional Governmental Policy. Journal of Studies in International Education, 25(3), 283–300.

Giglio, S., Kelly, B., & Pruitt, S. (2016). Systemic risk and the macroeconomy: An empirical evaluation. Journal of Financial Economics, 119(3), 457–471.

Grek, S., Lawn, M., Lingard, B., Ozga, J., Rinne, R., Segerholm, C., & Simola, H. (2009). National policy brokering and the construction of the European Education Space in England, Sweden, Finland and Scotland. Comparative Education, 45(1), 5–21.

Guo, Y. zhi, Zhou, Y., & Liu, Y. sui. (2020). The inequality of educational resources and its countermeasures for rural revitalization in southwest China. Journal of Mountain Science, 17(2), 304–315.

Hou, A. Y. C., Hill, C., Hu, Z., & Lin, L. (2022). What is driving Taiwan government for policy change in higher education after the year of 2016–in search of egalitarianism or pursuit of academic excellence? Studies in Higher Education, 47(2), 338–351.

Jiang, L., Yang, M., & Yu, S. (2020). Chinese Ethnic Minority Students’ Investment in English Learning Empowered by Digital Multimodal Composing. TESOL Quarterly, 54(4), 954–979.

Kemdikbud. (2023). Bantuan Operasional Penyelenggaraan (BOP). Retrieved from:

Kemendikbud. (2021). Panduan Aplikasi Bantuan Operasional Penyelenggaraan (BOP). Retrieved from:

Kim, T., Cho, J. Y., & Lee, B. G. (2013). Evolution to Smart Learning in public education: A case study of Korean public education. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, 395, 170–178.

Ladson-Billings, G. (2006). From the Achievement Gap to the Education Debt: Understanding Achievement in U.S. Schools. Educational Researcher, 35(7), 3–12.

Ladson-Billings, G. (2021). I’m Here for the Hard Re-Set: Post Pandemic Pedagogy to Preserve Our Culture. Equity and Excellence in Education, 54(1), 68–78.

Lennox, J., Reuge, N., & Benavides, F. (2021). UNICEF’s lessons learned from the education response to the COVID-19 crisis and reflections on the implications for education policy. International Journal of Educational Development, 85, 102429.

Lewis, A. E., & Forman, T. A. (2002). Contestation or Collaboration? A Comparative Study of Home-School Relations. Anthropology Education Quarterly, 33(1), 60–89.

Louis, K. S., & Gordon, M. F. (2009). Linking parent and community involvement with student achievement: Comparing principal and teacher perceptions of stakeholder influence. American Journal of Education, 116(1), 1–31.

Magnússon, G. (2020). Inclusive education and school choice lessons from Sweden. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 35(1), 25–39.

Mestry, R., & Naidoo, G. (2009). Budget monitoring and control in South African township schools: Democratic governance at risk. Educational Management Administration and Leadership, 37(1), 107–125.

Msila, V. (2012). Black Parental Involvement in South African Rural Schools : Will Parents Ever Help in Enhancing Effective School Management ? Journal of Educational and Social Research, 2(2), 303–314.

Qian, Y., Wu, D., Bao, W., & Lorenz, P. (2019). The Internet of Things for Smart Cities: Technologies and Applications. IEEE Network, 33(2), 4–5.

Rahman, A., Zaman, N., Tau, A., & Al-turjman, F. (2020). Data-driven dynamic clustering framework for mitigating the adverse economic impact of Covid-19 lockdown practices. Sustainable Cities and Society, 62, 102372.

Rangongo, P., Mohlakwana, M., & Beckmann, J. (2016). Causes of financial mismanagement in South African public schools: The views of role players. South African Journal of Education, 36(3), 1–10.

Santos, S. C., Neumeyer, X., & Morris, M. H. (2019). Entrepreneurship Education in a Poverty Context: An Empowerment Perspective. Journal of Small Business Management, 57(S1), 6–32.

Schafft, K. A. (2016). Rural Education As Rural Development: Understanding the Rural School–Community Well-Being Linkage in a 21st-Century Policy Context. Peabody Journal of Education, 91(2), 137–154.

Shirrell, M., Hopkins, M., & Spillane, J. P. (2019). Educational infrastructure, professional learning, and changes in teachers’ instructional practices and beliefs. Professional Development in Education, 45(4), 599–613.

Stathopoulou, A., Siamagka, N. T., & Christodoulides, G. (2019). A multi-stakeholder view of social media as a supporting tool in higher education: An educator–student perspective. European Management Journal, 37(4), 421–431.

Titus, M. A. (2009). The Production of Bachelor’s Degrees and Financial Aspects of State Higher Education Policy: A Dynamic Analysis. The Journal of Higher Education, 80(4), 439–468.

Wagithunu, M. N., Muthee, J., & Thinguri, R. (2014). A Critical Analysis of School Principals’ Competence in Financial Management in Kenya: Accountability in Educational Planning and Management. Journal of Education and Practice, 5(25), 103–108.

Wu, X. (2011). The Household Registration System and Rural-Urban Educational Inequality in Contemporary China. Chinese Sociological Review, 44(2), 31–51.

Yates, A., Starkey, L., Egerton, B., & Flueggen, F. (2021). High school students’ experience of online learning during Covid-19: the influence of technology and pedagogy. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 30(1), 59–73.

Yuan, Q., Shen, H., Li, T., Li, Z., Li, S., Jiang, Y., Xu, H., Tan, W., Yang, Q., Wang, J., Gao, J., & Zhang, L. (2020). Deep learning in environmental remote sensing: Achievements and challenges. Remote Sensing of Environment, 241, 111716.

Žalėnienė, I., & Pereira, P. (2021). Higher Education For Sustainability: A Global Perspective. Geography and Sustainability, 2(2), 99–106.

Zhu, Z. T., Yu, M. H., & Riezebos, P. (2016). A research framework of smart education. Smart Learning Environments, 3(1), 1–17.

How to Cite
Agus, A., Hakim, L., Mahsyar, A., & Fatmawati. (2024). Education Policy on Operational Assistance Management at the Local Level: A Challenge and Recommendations. International Journal of Science and Society, 6(2), 121-133.