Changing Dynamics of Urbanization and Social Inequality: A Case Study of Informal Settlements in Bangkok, Thailand

  • Ramatim Changsoo Mahidol University, Thailand
Keywords: Socio-Economic, Characteristics, Urbanization, Informal Settlements.


The research embarked on a journey to unravel the intricate relationship between urbanization dynamics and social inequality within the context of informal settlements in Bangkok. Using a mixed methods approach, this research combines a quantitative survey and qualitative interviews. Demographic data is collected through a survey, which captures a socio-economic profile. Qualitative insights were obtained from in-depth interviews and observations, which provide a different understanding of residents' life experiences. This research not only illuminates the interplay between urbanization and social inequality within Bangkok's informal settlements but also amplifies the call for inclusive urban development that ensures the benefits of progress reach every corner of the city, irrespective of socio-economic background.


Chen, D., Jiang, P., & Li, M. (2021). Assessing potential ecosystem service dynamics driven by urbanization in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, China. Journal of Environmental Management, 292, 112734.

Connolly, C., Keil, R., & Ali, S. H. (2021). Extended urbanisation and the spatialities of infectious disease: Demographic change, infrastructure and governance. Urban studies, 58(2), 245-263.

Davis, D. (2020). City, nation, network: Shifting territorialities of sovereignty and urban violence in Latin America. Urban Planning, 5(3), 206-216.

de Bruin, S., Dengerink, J., & van Vliet, J. (2021). Urbanisation as driver of food system transformation and opportunities for rural livelihoods. Food Security, 13(4), 781-798.

Ekeocha, D. O. (2021). Urbanization, inequality, economic development and ecological footprint: Searching for turning points and regional homogeneity in Africa. Journal of Cleaner Production, 291, 125244.

Fan, P., Ouyang, Z., Nguyen, D. D., Nguyen, T. T. H., Park, H., & Chen, J. (2019). Urbanization, economic development, environmental and social changes in transitional economies: Vietnam after Doimoi. Landscape and urban planning, 187, 145-155.

Hu, L., Zhao, C., Wang, M., Su, S., Weng, M., & Wang, W. (2020). Dynamic healthy food accessibility in a rapidly urbanizing metropolitan area: Socioeconomic inequality and relative contribution of local factors. Cities, 105, 102819.

Lafortezza, R., & Sanesi, G. (2019). Nature-based solutions: Settling the issue of sustainable urbanization. Environmental research, 172, 394-398.

Lima, S. V. M. A., Dos Santos, A. D., Duque, A. M., de Oliveira Goes, M. A., da Silva Peixoto, M. V., da Conceição Araújo, D., ... & Nunes, M. A. P. (2019). Spatial and temporal analysis of tuberculosis in an area of social inequality in Northeast Brazil. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 1-9.

López-Gay, A., Andújar-Llosa, A., & Salvati, L. (2020). Residential mobility, gentrification and neighborhood change in Spanish cities: A post-crisis perspective. Spatial Demography, 8(3), 351-378.

Nijman, J., & Wei, Y. D. (2020). Urban inequalities in the 21st century economy. Applied Geography, 117, 102188.

Ortiz, D. I., Piche-Ovares, M., Romero-Vega, L. M., Wagman, J., & Troyo, A. (2021). The impact of deforestation, urbanization, and changing land use patterns on the ecology of mosquito and tick-borne diseases in Central America. Insects, 13(1), 20.

Seifollahi-Aghmiuni, S., Kalantari, Z., Egidi, G., Gaburova, L., & Salvati, L. (2022). Urbanisation-driven land degradation and socioeconomic challenges in peri-urban areas: Insights from Southern Europe. Ambio, 51(6), 1446-1458.

Surya, B., Hadijah, H., Suriani, S., Baharuddin, B., Fitriyah, A. T., Menne, F., & Rasyidi, E. S. (2020). Spatial transformation of a new city in 2006–2020: perspectives on the spatial dynamics, environmental quality degradation, and socio—economic sustainability of local communities in Makassar City, Indonesia. Land, 9(9), 324.

Surya, B., Salim, A., Hernita, H., Suriani, S., Menne, F., & Rasyidi, E. S. (2021). Land use change, urban agglomeration, and urban sprawl: A sustainable development perspective of Makassar City, Indonesia. Land, 10(6), 556.

Wang, D., Zhou, T., & Wang, M. (2021). Information and communication technology (ICT), digital divide and urbanization: Evidence from Chinese cities. Technology in Society, 64, 101516.

Wang, X., Shao, S., & Li, L. (2019). Agricultural inputs, urbanization, and urban-rural income disparity: Evidence from China. China Economic Review, 55, 67-84.

Williams, D. S., Manez Costa, M., Sutherland, C., Celliers, L., & Scheffran, J. (2019). Vulnerability of informal settlements in the context of rapid urbanization and climate change. Environment and Urbanization, 31(1), 157-176.

Wu, F. (2020). Adding new narratives to the urban imagination: An introduction to ‘New directions of urban studies in China’. Urban Studies, 57(3), 459-472.

Zhang, S., Zhong, Q., Cheng, D., Xu, C., Chang, Y., Lin, Y., & Li, B. (2022). Landscape ecological risk projection based on the PLUS model under the localized shared socioeconomic pathways in the Fujian Delta region. Ecological Indicators, 136, 108642.

Zhang, W., & Bray, M. (2021). A changing environment of urban education: Historical and spatial analysis of private supplementary tutoring in China. Environment and Urbanization, 33(1), 43-62.

Zhao, W., Hafeez, M., Maqbool, A., Ullah, S., & Sohail, S. (2021). Analysis of income inequality and environmental pollution in BRICS using fresh asymmetric approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28, 51199-51209.

Zhou, B. B., & Lv, L. (2020). Understanding the dynamics of farmland loss in a rapidly urbanizing region: a problem-driven, diagnostic approach to landscape sustainability. Landscape Ecology, 35, 2471-2486.

How to Cite
Changsoo, R. (2023). Changing Dynamics of Urbanization and Social Inequality: A Case Study of Informal Settlements in Bangkok, Thailand. International Journal of Science and Society, 5(3), 377-387.