Non-Pharmacological Interventions To Reduce Back Pain in Pregnant Women: A Literature Review

  • Ema Arum Rukmasari Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Gisa Agustin Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Karisha Citra Elfani Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Nur Rini Rahmawati Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Diq Diq Ibrahim Siddiq Soebekti Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Keywords: Intervention, Non-Pharmacological, Back Pain, Pregnant Women.


Back pain is pain that occurs in the lumbosacral area. The phenomenon of back pain experienced by pregnant women is one of the most frequently reported complaints. The purpose of this study was to find out what are the non-pharmacological interventions to reduce back pain in pregnant women. This study is a literature review to study non-pharmacological interventions to reduce back pain in pregnant women. Sources for conducting this literature review included ScienceDirect search studies, Google scholar, Sage journal and PubMed. There are several interventions that can be done to reduce back pain in pregnant women non-pharmacologically, namely unsupervised water exercises, Ear Acupuncture, Topical Use of Rosa Damascena (Rose) Oil, Yoga, Endorphine Massage, Effleurage Techniques and Warm Compresses and Effleurage Massage and Breath Relaxation In. Non-pharmacological interventions have significant value in reducing back pain in pregnant women and are safe to use.


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Fitriana, L. B., & Vidayanti, V. (2019, September 30). Pengaruh Massage Effleurage dan Relaksasi Nafas Dalam Terhadap Nyeri Punggung Ibu Hamil Trimester III. Bunda Edu-Midwefery Journal (BEMJ), 2(2), 1-6.

Holden, S. C., Manor, B., Zhou, J., Zera, C., Davis, R. B., & Yeh, G. Y. (2019). Prenatal Yoga for Back Pain, Balance, and Maternal Wellness: A Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study. SAGE, 8, 1-11.

Mafikasari, A., & Kartikasari, R. I. (2015, Agustus). Posisi Tidur dengan Kejadian Back Pain (Nyeri Punggung) pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III. 7(2), 26-34.

Mayonzo, S. D., Nesto, T., Bonongwe, P., & Muula, A. S. (2019, Maret). Low Back Pain during Pregnancy: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Association with Daily Activities among Pregnant Women in Urban Blantyre, Malawi. Malawi Medical Journal, 31(1), 71-76.

Purnamasari, K. D., & Widyawati, M. N. (2019, Desember). Gambaran Nyeri Punggung Bawah Pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III. Jurnal Keperawatan Silampari, 3(1), 352-361.

Ratih dan Aprilliya. 2016. Pengaruh Endorphin Massage Terhadap Penurunan Intensitas Nyeri Punggung Ibu Hamil. RAKERNAS AIPKEMA 2016.

Vas, J., Cintado, M. C., Aranda-Regules, J. M., Aguilar, I., & Rivas Ruiz, F. (2019). Effect of ear acupuncture on pregnancy-related pain in the lower back and posterior pelvic girdle: A multicenter randomized clinical trial. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 98(10), 1307–1317.

Yinchu Hu, Lu, H., Huang, J., & Zang, Y. (2021). Efficacy and Safety on Non-pharmacological Interventions for Labour Pain Management: A Systematic Review and BAyesian Network Meta-Analysis. J Clin Nurs, 30, 23-34.

How to Cite
Rukmasari, E. A., Agustin, G., Elfani, K. C., Rahmawati, N. R., & Soebekti, D. D. I. S. (2023). Non-Pharmacological Interventions To Reduce Back Pain in Pregnant Women: A Literature Review. International Journal of Science and Society, 5(3), 288-299.