Model for Utilizing Corporate Social Responsibility in Improving the Welfare of the Community of Industrial Area in West Java
The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of corporate social responsibilty (CSR) in improving people's welfare. The approach used in this research is a combination of quantitative and qualitative. The research location is PT. Pertamina (Persero) RU VI in Balongan Indramayu, West Java. Data collection techniques were carried out by survey methods, participatory observations, and in-depth interviews. The survey method was carried out by distributing questionnaires to the corporate social responsibilty (CSR) recipient communities, and observation and interviews were conducted to find out the experiences, understandings, and in-depth meanings of the participants' actions. The focus of the research topic is corporate social responsibilty (CSR) and community welfare. The findings reveal two main topics. First, quantitatively corporate social responsibilty (CSR) has a very large influence on improving the welfare of the community receiving CSR funds, so it is necessary to increase the increase in corporate social responsibilty (CSR) provided to the community, as well as the need to expand the scope of the location of the recipient community. Second, qualitatively, corporate social responsibilty (CSR) which is currently being implemented has a positive impact on people's welfare. However, it is necessary to improve other principles of business ethics, namely the principles of honesty, fairness, autonomy in order to create effective business ethics in a common framework. The government needs to support and provide strict supervision of the implementation of corporate social responsibilty (CSR) programs in order to be able to have a positive impact on improving people's welfare.
Barnett, ML, Henriques, I., & Husted, BW (2020). Beyond Good Intentions: Designing CSR Initiatives for Greater Social Impact. Journal of Management, 46(6), 937–964. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206319900539
Bian, J., Liao, Y., Wang, YY, & Tao, F. (2021). Analysis of firm CSR strategies. European Journal of Operational Research, 290(3), 914–926. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2020.03.046
Drucker, PF, & Because. (1981). What is Business Ethics? The Public Interest, 63(2), 18–36. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8183-7_7
Franco, S., Caroli, MG, Cappa, F., & Del Chiappa, G. (2020). Are you good enough? CSR, quality management and corporate financial performance in the hospitality industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 88(September), 102395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2019.102395
Greve, B. (2019). What is welfare? Welfare and the Welfare State, (July), 14–30. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429341199-2
Hidayat, IN, Maulana, I., & Andriani, N. (2021). Linking CSR Rating, Company Performance and Company Value. Journal of Accounting and Finance, 9(2), 69–78. https://doi.org/: https://doi.org/10.29103/jak.v9i2.3765
Imran. (2020). The Role of Public Relations of PT. Telkom Regional VI Kalimantan in Forming a Positive Image for the People of Balikpapan Through CSR Activities. EProceedings …, 7(2), 4811–4821. Retrieved from https://openlibrarypublications.telkomuniversity.ac.id/index.php/management/article/viewFile/13596/13121
Jannah, M., & Syahnur, S. (2016). The Influence of Oil and Gas and Non-Oil and Gas Sectors on the Welfare of the People of North Aceh. Student Scientific Journal, 1(2), 339–347.
Jones, C., Parker, M., & Ten Bos, R. (2005). For business ethics. For Business Ethics. London & New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203458457
Julianto, B., & Megawati, L. (2020). The Influence of CSR and Dividend Policy on the Value of State-Owned Enterprises Listed on the IDX for the 2013-2018 period. ISOQUANT:.Jurnal.Economics,.Management.And.Accounting, 3(2), 130–144. Retrieved from https://pesquisa.bvsalud.org/portal/resource/en/mdl-20203177951%0Ahttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-0887-9%0Ahttp://dx.doi. org/10.1038/s41562-020-0884-z%0Ahttps://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2020.1758193%0Ahttp://sersc.org/journals/index.php/IJAST/article/view/22
LeBar, M. (1999). Kant on Welfare. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 29(2), 225–249. https://doi.org/10.1080/00455091.999.10717512
Lee, KH, & Shin, D. (2010). Consumers' responses to CSR activities: The linkage between increased awareness and purchase intention. Public Relations Review, 36(2), 193–195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pubrev.2009.10.014
Marnelly, TR (2012). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): A Review of Theory and Practice in Indonesia. Journal of Business Applications, 2, 49–59.
Miles, MB, Huberman, AM, & Saldaña, J. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook. (3, Ed.), Arizona State University. New Delhi: Sage. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315701134-11
Mulia, RA, & Saputra, N. (2020). Analysis of Factors Affecting the Welfare of the People of Padang City. EL-RIYASAH Journal, 11(1), 67. https://doi.org/10.24014/jel.v11i1.10069
Nuriyatman, E. (2018). En Analysis of Pertamina's Corporate Social Responsibility (Csr) Program in Supporting Community Development in Sungai Gelam District, Jambi Province 2015-2016. Journal of Law Respublica, 17(2), 246–263. https://doi.org/10.31849/respublica.v17i2.1572
Pertamina. (2021). Pertamina RU V Balikpapan Wins Indonesia Green Awards 2021. Pertamina.Com. Retrieved from https://www.pertamina.com/id/news-room/news-release/pertamina-ru-v-balikpapan-raih- awards-indonesia-green-awards-2021
Quinn, JK, Reed, JD, Browne, MN, & Hiers, WJ (1997). Honesty, individualism, and pragmatic business ethics: Implications for corporate hierarchy. Journal of Business Ethics, 16(12–13), 1419–1430. https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1005787209221
Rangan, K., Chase, LA, & Karim, S. (2017). Why Every Company Needs a CSR Strategy and How to Build It. Strategies, 30(4), 17–27. https://doi.org/10.1080/08924562.2017.1320247
Rudito, B., & Melia, F. (2013). CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility). Bandung: Engineering Science Bandung.
Sadjim, UM, Muhadjir, N., & Sudarsono, F. (2016). Revitalizing the Values of Unity in Diversity and Local Wisdom based on the Learning Society Post Social Conflict in Ternate. Journal of Educational Development: Foundations And Applications, 4(1), 79–91. Retrieved from http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jppfa
Simatupang, E., & Yoga Swara, V. (2019). Creating Shared Value in the Oil and Gas Industry: Lessons from Balongan in Minimizing Unemployment and Reducing the Potential for Accidents at Work. Journal of Community Empowerment: Thought Media and Development Da'wah, 2(1), 63–86. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpm.2018.021-04
Suarta, G., Dananjaya, I., & Utami, DH (2021). Community Participation in the CSR existence of PT Pertamina DPPU Ngurah Rai. … Research Journal of …, 8(4), 243–249. Retrieved from https://simdos.unud.ac.id/uploads/file_penelitian_1_dir/fbdd1f48dd057742f5237c3d9ddbc597.pdf
Tamvada, M. (2020). Corporate social responsibility and accountability: a new theoretical foundation for regulating CSR. International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40991-019-0045-8
Tayşir, EA, & Pazarcık, Y. (2013). Business Ethics, Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance: Does the Strategic Management Field Really Care about these Concepts? Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 99, 294–303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.497
Tengku Nadira Azis, S., & Kartika, K. (2019). Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility (Csr) Based on Article 74 of Law Number 40 of 2007 concerning Limited Liability Companies at PT. Pertamina (Persero) Tbk Ru Vi Indramayu Balongan Branch. Sudirman Law Review, 2(1), 105–112.
Watts, G., Fernie, S., & Dainty, A. (2019). Paradox and legitimacy in construction: how CSR reports restrict CSR practice. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, 37(2), 231–246. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJBPA-05-2018-0037
Wulandari, YP, Kriswantriyono, A., Rahmawati, T., & Trianingrum, S. (2021). Coastal Ecobased Tourism Development at Tirta Ayu Beach, Balongan Indramayu By PT Pertamina IT Balongan, 6(1), 13–21.
Zuraidah, E. (2019). Contribution of Palm Oil Agroindustry to Community Welfare Through Corporate Social Responsibility (Csr) Program. Journal of At-Taghyir: Journal of Da'wah and Village Community Development, 1(2), 68–84. https://doi.org/10.24952/taghyir.v1i2.1343
Copyright (c) 2023 International Journal of Science and Society
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.