Ecotourism Development Policy, Supporting Capacity and Development of Sustainable Tourism Facilities and Infrastructure in Raja Ampat Regency, West Papua Province

  • Alexander Phuk Tjilen Faculty of Social and Political Science, Musamus University, Merauke, Indonesia
  • Willyan Sahetapy Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Bukit Zaitung Sorong
  • Beatus Tambaip Faculty of Social and Political Science, Musamus University, Merauke, Indonesia
  • Martha Betaubun Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Musamus University, Merauke, Indonesia
Keywords: Raja Ampat; Environmental Carrying Capacity; Marine tourism; Coral Triangle; Sustainability.


The purpose of the research is to incite the awareness of the government and stakeholders on the environmental carrying capacity of the sustainable tourism sector and the supervision of the development of facilities and infrastructure that are environmentally sound and provide added economic value to the development of local communities. Qualitative research methods are used in data collection by conducting direct visits to research sites, direct interviews with the tourism office of Raja Ampat Regency, tourism management communities, tour guides and homestay managers with research locations on Misool Island, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo Raja Regency. Ampat. The study results explain that a marine tourism location is vulnerable to coral and environmental damage caused by overexploitation; it requires strict supervision and supervision from all parties as well as binding regulations so that the carrying capacity of Raja Ampat is well maintained and sustainable. The construction of facilities and infrastructure must be planned and supervised to achieve green development in determining tourist locations, homestay building locations, development processes and environmentally friendly materials. Communities need to be empowered with funding assistance and operational management training for marine tourism and homestay management, using local wisdom in maintaining ecotourism sustainability


Adesetiani, S., & Kolopaking, L. M. (2022). Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Wisata Homestay Berbasis Komunitas di Kabupaten Raja Ampat, Provinsi Papua Barat The Development Strategy of Community-based Homestay Tourism Business in Raja Ampat Regency , West Papua Province. 10(01).

Antonova, A. S., & Rieser, A. (2019). Curating Collapse: Performing Maritime Cultural Heritage in Iceland’s Museums and Tours. Maritime Studies, 18(1), 103–114.

Dolnicar, S. (2020). Designing for More Environmentally Friendly Tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 84(September).

Erku, H. (2011). Anatolia : An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research. Modes of Tourism Governance : A Comparison of Amsterdam and Antalya, 22(3), 37–41.

Faiz, S. A., & Komalasari, R. I. (2020). The Assessment of Tourism Carrying Capacity in Lombok Island. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 592(1).

Gültekin, Y. S. (2022). Ecotourism through the Perception of Forest Villagers: Understanding via Mediator Effects using Structural Equation Modeling. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1–10.

Heryati, Y. (2019). Potensi Pengembangan Obyek Wisata Pantai Tapandullu di Kabupaten Mamuju. Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Pembangunan, 1(1), 56–74.

Khrisnamurti, K., Utami, H., & Darmawan, R. (2017). Dampak Pariwisata terhadap Lingkungan di Pulau Tidung Kepulauan Seribu. Kajian, 21(3), 257–273.

Kristiana, Y., Suryadi, M. T., & Sunarya, S. R. (2018). Eksplorasi Potensi Wisata Kuliner untuk Pengembangan Pariwisata Di Kota Tangerang. Khasanah Ilmu - Jurnal Pariwisata Dan Budaya, 9(1), 22–31.

Manumpil, A. W., Mandagi, S. V, & Lasut, M. T. (2019). The Effectiveness of Bunaken National Park Management. Aquatic Science & Management, 5(1), 11.

Maturan, M. R. (2019). Daya Tarik Ekowisata Bahari Raja Ampat Papua Barat. 1–12.

Mirsanjari, M. M. (2012). Importance of Environmental Ecotourism Planning for Sustainable Development. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 4(2), 85–92.

Mudzengi, B. K., Gandiwa, E., Muboko, N., & Mutanga, C. N. (2021). Towards sustainable Community Conservation in Tropical Savanna Ecosystems: A Management Framework for Ecotourism Ventures in a Changing Environment. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 23(3), 3028–3047.

Nguyen, T. T. T., & Tong, S. (2022). The Impact of User-Generated Content on Intention to Select a Travel Destination. Journal of Marketing Analytics, 1–15.

Nikijuluw, V. P. H., Papilaya, R. L., & Boli, P. (2017). Daya Dukung Pariwisata Berkelanjutan Raja Ampat. Conservation International Indonesia, 1–158.

Phoek, I. C. A., & Tjilen, A. P. (2019). Empowerment of Indigenous People in Local Wisdom for the Use of Indigenous Forest Management. International Journal of Management and …, 3(3), 32–38.

Phoek, I. C. A., Tjilen, A. P., & Cahyono, E. (2021). Analysis of Ecotourism, Culture and Local Community Empowerment: Case Study of Wasur National Park - Indonesia. Macro Management & Public Policies, 3(2), 7–13.

Prihanta, W., Zainuri, A. M., Hartini, R., Syarifuddin, A., & Patma, T. S. (2020). Pantai Taman-Pacitan Ecotourism Development: Conservation and Community Empowerment Orientation. Journal of Community Service and Empowerment, 1(1), 1–16.

Rej, S., Bandyopadhyay, A., Murshed, M., Mahmood, H., & Razzaq, A. (2022). Pathways to Decarbonization in India: The Role of Environmentally Friendly Tourism Development. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1–22.

Ricardianto, I. P., Djajaputra, D. G., & Martono, P. D. (2017). Air Transport and Tourism in Indonesia. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry, 10(05), 01–19.

Ririhena, S. W., Phuk Tjilen, A., Cahyono, E., & Cara Alexander Phoek, I. (2020). Factors Influencing Ecotourism in Wasur National Park Merauke Regency. International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Studies, 1(2), 119–126.

Rocha, D., Marley, S. A., Drakeford, B., Potts, J., & Gullan, A. (2022). The Benefits of Guide Training for Sustainable Cetacean-Based Tourism in Developing Countries, Case Study–Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve, Mozambique. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 26(4), 1–11.

Salman, A., Jaafar, M., Mohamad, D., & Khoshkam, M. (2022). Understanding Multi-Stakeholder Complexity & Developing a Causal Recipe (fsQCA) for achieving Sustainable Ecotourism. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1–24.

Salman, A., Jaafar, M., Mohamad, D., & Malik, S. (2021). Ecotourism Development in Penang Hill: A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective towards Achieving Environmental Sustainability. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28(31), 42945–42958.

Santana, C. (2020). Covid-19, Other Zoonotic Diseases and Wildlife Conservation. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 42(4), 1–3.

Schaduw, J. N. W. (2016). Kondisi Ekologi Mangrove Pulau Bunaken Kota Manado Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Jurnal LPPM Bidang Sains Dan Teknologi, 3, 64–74.

Sutrisno, W. (2017). Analisis Supply bagi Standar Manajemen Pengembangan di Kawasan Ekowisata Raja Ampat. JABE (Journal of Applied Business and …, 241–255.

Swangjang, K., & Kornpiphat, P. (2021). Does Ecotourism in a Mangrove Area at Klong Kone, Thailand, Conform to Sustainable Tourism? A Case Study using SWOT and DPSIR. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 23(11), 15960–15985.

Tjilen, A. P., Ririhena, S. W., Jalal, N., Antonio, L., Teturan, Y. E., & Jeujanan, W. (2018). The Coastal Community Development Project (CCDP) Environmentally Sustainable Empowerment Model in District Merauke. E3S Web of Conferences, 73(January, 2013), 2016–2019.

Wondirad, A., Tolkach, D., & King, B. (2020). Stakeholder Collaboration as a Major Factor for Sustainable Ecotourism Development in Developing Countries. Tourism Management, 78(October 2019), 104024.

Zhao, Y., & Jiao, L. (2019). Resources Development and Tourism Environmental Carrying Capacity of Ecotourism Industry in Pingdingshan City, China. Ecological Processes, 8(1), 1–6.

How to Cite
Tjilen, A. P., Sahetapy, W., Tambaip, B., & Betaubun, M. (2022). Ecotourism Development Policy, Supporting Capacity and Development of Sustainable Tourism Facilities and Infrastructure in Raja Ampat Regency, West Papua Province. International Journal of Science and Society, 4(3), 13-25.