Global Health Management in the Face of Emerging Pandemic Threats: Strategies, Challenges, and Opportunities for International Cooperation

  • Wahyudin Rajab Poltekkes Kemenkes Jakarta III, Bekasi, Indonesia
  • John Christianto Simon STFT INTIM Makassar, Indonesia
  • Karningsih Poltekkes Kemenkes Jakarta III, Bekasi, Indonesia
  • Reza Yuridian Purwoko Regenerative Medicine & Research Institute Mandaya Hospital Group, Indonesia
  • Edward Kurnia Setiawan Limijadi Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
Keywords: Global Health Management, Pandemic, International Cooperation, Threat Strategy, Challenges.


The global Pandemic that has emerged has led to big challenges for the world health system, showing limitations in infrastructure, response, and international coordination. Inequality in the distribution of health resources and access to maintenance, along with obstacles in communication and coordination of inter-country policies, shows the urgent need for evaluating and improving global health management strategies. This condition encourages the need for in-depth analysis of strategies that can be implemented in dealing with pandemics, including strengthening the health system and international cooperation. This study aims to identify and analyze various strategies in global health management to deal with pandemics that emerge, focusing on threats, challenges, and opportunities for international cooperation. This study uses a qualitative approach, relies on data from relevant studies and studies, and is followed by in-depth analysis to integrate findings. The results of this study indicate that the current global health system faces various challenges in dealing with the Pandemic, which include infrastructure readiness, the effectiveness of surveillance systems and early detection, as well as the need for stronger international cooperation. There are also challenges in coordinating between countries, political and economic influences, as well as obstacles in communication and dissemination of information. This study found that international cooperation, especially in research and medical development, sharing resources, and coordination by international organizations, is the key to tackling the Pandemic. Building the capacity of the health system in developing countries is also an important aspect of global strategy.


Alamo, T., Reina, D. G., Gata, P. M., Preciado, V. M., & Giordano, G. (2021). Data-driven methods for present and future pandemics: Monitoring, modelling and managing. Annual Reviews in Control, 52, 448-464.

Alanazi, M., Mahmood, A., & Chowdhury, M. J. M. (2023). SCADA vulnerabilities and attacks: A review of the state‐of‐the‐art and open issues. Computers & Security, 125, 103028.

Baumgarte, S., Hartkopf, F., Hölzer, M., von Kleist, M., Neitz, S., Kriegel, M., & Bollongino, K. (2022). Investigation of a limited but explosive COVID-19 outbreak in a German secondary school. Viruses, 14(1), 87.

Behl, A., Nair, A., Mohagaonkar, S., Yadav, P., Gambhir, K., Tyagi, N., ... & Sharma, N. (2022). Threat, challenges, and preparedness for future pandemics: A descriptive review of phylogenetic analysis-based predictions. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 98, 105217.

Chofreh, A. G., Goni, F. A., Klemeš, J. J., Malik, M. N., & Khan, H. H. (2020). Development of guidelines for the implementation of sustainable enterprise resource planning systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, 244, 118655.

Clemente-Suárez, V. J., Hormeño-Holgado, A., Jiménez, M., Benitez-Agudelo, J. C., Navarro-Jiménez, E., Perez-Palencia, N., ... & Tornero-Aguilera, J. F. (2020). Dynamics of population immunity due to the herd effect in the COVID-19 pandemic. Vaccines, 8(2), 236.

Clemente-Suárez, V. J., Navarro-Jiménez, E., Moreno-Luna, L., Saavedra-Serrano, M. C., Jimenez, M., Simón, J. A., & Tornero-Aguilera, J. F. (2021). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on social, health, and economy. Sustainability, 13(11), 6314.

Doraiswamy, S., Mamtani, R., & Cheema, S. (2022). An in-depth analysis of 10 epidemiological terminologies used in the context of COVID-19. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 50(6), 819-826.

Dzinamarira, T., Dzobo, M., & Chitungo, I. (2020). COVID‐19: A perspective on Africa's capacity and response. Journal of medical virology, 92(11), 2465-2472.

Ezugwu, A. E., Ikotun, A. M., Oyelade, O. O., Abualigah, L., Agushaka, J. O., Eke, C. I., & Akinyelu, A. A. (2022). A comprehensive survey of clustering algorithms: State-of-the-art machine learning applications, taxonomy, challenges, and future research prospects. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 110, 104743.

Grass, A., Backmann, J., & Hoegl, M. (2020). From empowerment dynamics to team adaptability: Exploring and conceptualizing the continuous agile team innovation process. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 37(4), 324-351.

Hina, M., Chauhan, C., Kaur, P., Kraus, S., & Dhir, A. (2022). Drivers and barriers of circular economy business models: Where we are now, and where we are heading. Journal of Cleaner Production, 333, 130049.

Jakab, Z., Selbie, D., Squires, N., Mustafa, S., & Saikat, S. (2021). Building the evidence base for global health policy: the need to strengthen institutional networks, geographical representation and global collaboration. BMJ Global Health, 6(8).

Khan, M., Adil, S. F., Alkhathlan, H. Z., Tahir, M. N., Saif, S., Khan, M., & Khan, S. T. (2020). COVID-19: a global challenge with old history, epidemiology and progress so far. Molecules, 26(1), 39.

Kuswara, H., & Mustofa, I. (2022). Evaluation of Management of the Use of Information and Communication Technology. Nidhomul Haq: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 7(2), 183-200.

Maqsood, A., Abbas, J., Rehman, G., & Mubeen, R. (2021). The paradigm shift for educational system continuance in the advent of COVID-19 pandemic: mental health challenges and reflections. Current Research in Behavioral Sciences, 2, 100011.

Morens, D. M., & Fauci, A. S. (2020). Emerging pandemic diseases: how we got to COVID-19. Cell, 182(5), 1077-1092.

Pan, Y., & Zhang, L. (2021). Roles of artificial intelligence in construction engineering and management: A critical review and future trends. Automation in Construction, 122, 103517.

Priyadarsini, S. L., Suresh, M., & Huisingh, D. (2020). What can we learn from previous pandemics to reduce the frequency of emerging infectious diseases like COVID-19?. Global transitions, 2, 202-220.

Roubík, H., Lošťák, M., Ketuama, C. T., Soukupová, J., Procházka, P., Hruška, A., ... & Hejcman, M. (2023). COVID-19 crisis interlinkage with past pandemics and their effects on food security. Globalization and Health, 19(1), 52.

Shonhadji, N., & Maulidi, A. (2022). Is it suitable for your local governments? A contingency theory-based analysis on the use of internal control in thwarting white-collar crime. Journal of Financial Crime, 29(2), 770-786.

Tampio, K. P., & Haapasalo, H. (2022). Organising methods enabling integration for value creation in complex projects. Construction Innovation.

Van Assche, K., Gruezmacher, M., Summers, B., Culling, J., Gajjar, S., Granzow, M., ... & Jamwal, A. (2022). Land use policy and community strategy. Factors enabling and hampering integrated local strategy in Alberta, Canada. Land Use Policy, 118, 106101.

Van Damme, W., Dahake, R., Van de Pas, R., Vanham, G., & Assefa, Y. (2021). COVID-19: Does the infectious inoculum dose-response relationship contribute to understanding heterogeneity in disease severity and transmission dynamics?. Medical hypotheses, 146, 110431.

Xiong, S., Cai, C., Jiang, W., Ye, P., Ma, Y., Liu, H., ... & Tian, M. (2023). Primary health care system responses to non-communicable disease prevention and control: a scoping review of national policies in Mainland China since the 2009 health reform. The Lancet Regional Health–Western Pacific, 31.

Yu, W., Zhao, G., Liu, Q., & Song, Y. (2021). Role of big data analytics capability in developing integrated hospital supply chains and operational flexibility: An organizational information processing theory perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 163, 120417.

How to Cite
Rajab, W., Simon, J. C., Karningsih, Purwoko, R. Y., & Limijadi, E. K. S. (2024). Global Health Management in the Face of Emerging Pandemic Threats: Strategies, Challenges, and Opportunities for International Cooperation. International Journal of Science and Society, 6(1), 649-661.