Intellectual Encounter Between Betawi and Banten Scholars: A Historical Perspective

  • Murodi UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Muhtadi UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Banten, Betawi, Ulama, Intellectual Encounter


This study delves into the intricate connections between the ulama (scholars) of Betawi and Banten, primarily focusing on the dynamics of their relationships as teachers and students or amongst peers who shared the same mentors, particularly during their educational pursuits with the Sheikhs in Makkah. These relationships played a pivotal role in shaping the religious and intellectual landscape of the regions. The research adopts a qualitative approach, emphasizing the depth and complexity of these interpersonal and intellectual connections. Data collection was conducted through a combination of in-depth interviews and thorough documentation studies. Interviews were targeted at experts, historians, and local community leaders with deep insights into the lives and contributions of these scholars. Documentation studies involved an extensive review of historical records, writings of the ulama, and other relevant literature that shed light on the educational and spiritual journeys of these scholars. The findings of this research reveal a rich tapestry of interactions and exchanges among the ulama of Betawi and Banten. It was observed that they shared a close-knit relationship, often forming bonds that transcended the typical teacher-student dynamic, fostering a community of learning and spiritual development. This study underscores the significant role played by these scholars in establishing and advancing Islamic boarding schools and other educational institutions. These establishments not only served as centers for religious and academic learning but also acted as platforms for intellectual encounters and discussions. These interactions and institutions were instrumental in the dissemination of knowledge and the nurturing of future generations of scholars, thereby contributing significantly to the religious and educational landscape in Indonesia. This research provides a nuanced understanding of the socio-religious fabric of Betawi and Banten, highlighting the profound impact of these scholars in shaping the Islamic discourse and education in these regions.


Al Qurtuby, S. (2020). The rise of Islamism and the future of Indonesian Islam. Journal of International Studies, 16, 105-128.

Ali, S. (2023). Patani and the 15th Century Malay Ulama Network: A Historical Study of the Kitab Tarikh Fathani by Sheikh Faqih Ali al-Fathani. International Journal of Science and Society, 5(2), 212-222.

Alnizar, F., & Munjid, A. (2020). The Voice of the Ulema and Dilemma of the Indonesian Ulema Council’s Fatwa among Low Literate Society. TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, 10(1), 74-96.

Anwar, K. (2022). Ahl as Sunnah waal Jama’ah in Indonesia: A Study on Al-Banjari’s and Islam Nusantara Sunnism. NALAR: Jurnal Peradaban Dan Pemikiran Islam, 6(1), 28-37.

Choirin, M. (2020). An Analysis of The Divine Principles of KH Abdullah Syafi’ie (1910-1985 M). Millah: Jurnal Studi Agama, 279-306.

Cibro, A. N., Salminawati, S., & Usiono, U. (2023). Modern Pesantren: The Politics of Islamic Education and Problems of Muslim Identity. Al Qalam: Jurnal Ilmiah Keagamaan dan Kemasyarakatan, 17(2), 800-815.

Febriadi, S. R., & Kurniawan, C. S. (2022). The Development of Zakat Institutions in The View of Legal Regulations in Indonesia. Amwaluna: Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Syariah, 6(2), 229-243.

Hajam, H. (2021). Sufferance within a Cultural Framework as the Preaching Strategy of Sunan Gunungjati in Forming a Civil Society. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 12(4), 257-285.

Lubis, P. (2022). 'Ulama And Umara In The Islamic Political System. Al Qalam: Jurnal Ilmiah Keagamaan Dan Kemasyarakatan, 16(3), 993-1009.

Maimunah, I., Huda, M., Haque, A., & Zubaidah, Z. (2021). Islamic Boarding School at University: A Strong Pathway for Integrating Religion and Science. J-PAI: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 8(1).

Onley, J., & Nonneman, G. (2020). The Journal of Arabian Studies and the Development of Gulf and Arabian Peninsula Studies. Journal of Arabian Studies, 10(1), 1-50.

Saari, C. Z., Zarkasyi, M., & Latif, F. A. (2020). Genealogical Transmission of Zakariyya al-Ansari’s Thought on Tawhid to the Malay World Scholars with Special Reference to His Fath al-Rahman. Afkar: Jurnal Akidah & Pemikiran Islam, 173-200.

Salahuddin, S. (2023). Life Values of Manggarai People as Reflected in the Oral Tradition Go’Et. Kanz Philosophia: A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism, 9(1), 1-22.

Saragih, M. R. B. F., & Siregar, Y. D. (2023). The Islamization in the Malay Archipelago: a Study of Azyumardi Azra's Thought. Yupa: Historical Studies Journal, 7(2), 172-181.

Sari, I. N., Lestari, L. P., Kusuma, D. W., Mafulah, S., Brata, D. P. N., Iffah, J. D. N., ... & Sulistiana, D. (2022). Metode penelitian kualitatif. Unisma Press.

Siraj, F. M., & Arif, R. (2020). The existence and the construction of ‘Ilm al-kalam as Islamic discipline and its significance to wasatiyyah. International Journal of Islamic Thought (IJIT), 17, 38-52.

Sulistiono, B., & Muchsin, M. A. (2022). Portraying The Tract Of Islam In Empowering The Dynamics Of The Potential Of Maritime Nusantara Through The Spice Route Perspective. MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman, 46(1), 139-161.

Syam, F., Mangunjaya, F. M., Rahmanillah, A. R., & Nurhadi, R. (2020). Narrative and the Politics of Identity: Patterns of the Spread and Acceptance of Radicalism and Terrorism in Indonesia. Religions, 11(6), 290.

Syam, N., & Ilaihi, W. (2023). Institution of Islam Java: Coastal Islam, Local Culture, and the Role of Sufism. Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 17(2), 189-213.

Thahir, L. S. (2021). Islam Of The Archipelago: Cosmopolitanism Of Islamic Civilization In Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura, 21(1), 23-45.

Wakhid, A. A., Razimi, M. S. B. A., Mukri, M., & Susanto, I. (2021). The Islamic Perspective of Non-Muslim Leaders in Indonesian Muslim Majority Communities. Akademika: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam, 26(2), 277-296.

Witro, D. (2020). Ulama and Umara in Government of Indonesia: a Review Relations of Religion and State. Madania: Jurnal Kajian Keislaman, 24(2), 135-144.

Yuliantri, R. D. A., & Suwignyo, A. (2024). Revisiting the ideological negotiation of Indonesian identity, 1900–1942. Politics, Religion & Ideology, 1-31.

Zara, M. Y., Miftahuddin, Sudrajat, A., Widayanta, D., & bin Hussin, H. (2023). Bound by history, culture, religion and kinship: Representations of Malaya in the Indonesian popular Islamic magazine Pandji Masjarakat (1960). Indonesia and the Malay World, 51(150), 191-208.

Zuhri, A. (2021). Tafsir Of The Qur'an And The Role Of Ulama In Promoting The Content Of The Qur'an Based On Islamic Education. Edukasi Islami: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 10(02).

How to Cite
Murodi, & Muhtadi. (2024). Intellectual Encounter Between Betawi and Banten Scholars: A Historical Perspective. International Journal of Science and Society, 6(1), 585-601. Retrieved from