Leader Member-Exchange and Job Involvement Impact on Innovative Work Behavior

  • M. Halid Sahaming Ilmu Manajemen, Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Tuty Sariwulan Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Suherman Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Hamidah Ilmu Manajemen, Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Leader-Member Exchange, Job Involvement, Innovative Work Behavior


Innovation in the development of science and technology is important in increasing company’s competitiveness, especially in human resources. The study aimed at analysing leader-member exchange and job involvement on innovative work behavior. 205 employees of PT. Nindya Karya were collected for this study. The study results revealed that leader-member exchange in the company had positive impact on innovative work behavior, and employees’ job involvement had positive impact on innovative work behavior. Furthermore, interaction between leaders and employees and employees’ job involvement had significant impact on increasing innovative work behavior. It suggested that leaders should be able to encourage employees’ trust, and give concern for employees to encourage employees to contribute in achieving company goals as well as in improving job performance.


Basu, R., & Green, S. G. (1997). Leader-member exchange and transformational leadership: An empirical examination of innovative behaviors in leader-member dyads. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27(6), 477–499. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1997.tb00643.x

Carmeli, A., Meitar, R., & Weisberg, J. (2006). Self-leadership skills and innovative behavior at work. International Journal of Manpower, 27(1), 75–90. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437720610652853

Dorenbosch, L., van Engen, M. L., & Verhagan, M. (2005). On-the-job Innovation: The Impact of Job Design and Human Resource Management through Production Ownership. Journal of Creativity and Innovation Management, 14(2), 129–141.

Gann, D. M., & Salter, A. J. (2000). Innovation in project-based, service-enhanced firms: The construction of complex products and systems. Research Policy, 29(7–8), 955–972. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0048-7333(00)00114-1

Gottfredson, R. K., Wright, S. L., & Heaphy, E. D. (2020). A critique of the Leader-Member Exchange construct: Back to square one. Leadership Quarterly, 31(6), 101385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2020.101385

Graen, G., & Schiemann, W. (1978). Leader-member agreement: A vertical dyad linkage approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 63(2), 206–212. https://doi.org/10.1037//0021-9010.63.2.206

Graen, & Uhl-Blen. (2018). Leader-Member Exchange 7 Questionnaire (LMX-7). In The Sourcebook of Listening Research (pp. 354–360). https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119102991.ch36

Havenvid, M. I. (2015). Competition versus interaction as a way to promote innovation in the construction industry. IMP Journal, 9(1), 46–63. https://doi.org/10.1108/imp-02-2015-0005

Hiller, N. J., DeChurch, L. A., Murase, T., & Doty, D. (2011). Searching for outcomes of leadership: A 25-year review. Journal of Management, 37(4), 1137–1177. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206310393520

Janssen, O. (2003). Innovative behaviour and job involvement at the price of conflict and less satisfactory relations with co-workers. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 76(3), 347–364. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317903769647210

Kang, D. S., & Stewart, J. (2007). Leader-member exchange (LMX) theory of leadership and HRD: Development of units of theory and laws of interaction. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 28(6), 531–551. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437730710780976

Liao, C., Wayne, S. J., Liden, R. C., & Meuser, J. D. (2017). Idiosyncratic deals and individual effectiveness: The moderating role of leader-member exchange differentiation. Leadership Quarterly, 28(3), 438–450. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2016.10.014

Palazzeschi, L., Bucci, O., & Di Fabio, A. (2018). Re-thinking innovation in organizations in the industry 4.0 scenario: New challenges in a primary prevention perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(JAN), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00030

Sanders, K., Dorenbosch, L., & De Reuver, R. (2008). The impact of individual and shared employee perceptions of HRM on affective commitment: Considering climate strength. Personnel Review, 37(4), 412–425. https://doi.org/10.1108/00483480810877589

Sanders, K., Moorkamp, M., Torka, N., Groeneveld, S., & Groeneveld, C. (2010). How to Support Innovative Behaviour?The Role of LMX and Satisfaction with HR Practices. Technology and Investment, 01(01), 59–68. https://doi.org/10.4236/ti.2010.11007

Schermuly, C. C., Meyer, B., & Dämmer, L. (2013). Leader-member exchange and innovative behavior: The mediating role of psychological empowerment. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 12(3), 132–142. https://doi.org/10.1027/1866-5888/a000093

Scott, S. G., & Bruce, R. A. (1994). Determinants of Innovative Behavior: A Path Model of Individual Innovation in the Workplace Author (s): Susanne G. Scott and Reginald A. Bruce Published by : Academy of Management Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/256701 References Linked refe. The Academy of Management Journal, 37(3), 580–607.

Slaughter, E. S. (2000). Implementation of construction innovations. Building Research and Information, 28(1), 2–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/096132100369055

Sparrowe, R. T., & Liden, R. C. (1997). In Leader-Member Exchange. 22(2), 522–552.

Spegelaere, S. De. (2014). The Employment Relationship and Innovative Work Behaviour.

Tuominen, T., & Toivonen, M. (2011). Studying Innovation and Change Activities in KIBS through the Lens of Innovative Behaviour Studying innovation and change activities in KIBS through the lens of innovative behaviour. April. https://doi.org/10.1142/S1363919611003209

Vidyarthi, P. R., Erdogan, B., Anand, S., Liden, R. C., & Chaudhry, A. (2014). One member, two leaders: Extending leader-member exchange theory to a dual leadership context. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(3), 468–483. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035466

Yukl, G., O’Donnell, M., & Taber, T. (2009). Influence of leader behaviors on the leader/member exchange relationship. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 24(4), 289–299. https://doi.org/10.1108/02683940910952697

How to Cite
Sahaming, M. H., Sariwulan, T., Suherman, & Hamidah. (2022). Leader Member-Exchange and Job Involvement Impact on Innovative Work Behavior. International Journal of Science and Society, 4(2), 365-374. https://doi.org/10.54783/ijsoc.v4i2.481